Transmission optimizing on dense femtocell deployments in 5G

TitleTransmission optimizing on dense femtocell deployments in 5G
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBouras, C, Diles, G, Kokkinos, V, Papazois, A
JournalInternational Journal of Communication Systems, Wiley InterScience
Pagination2325 - 2438

In the upcoming generation of mobile networks, femtocells will play a major role because they provide cost-efficient improvement in data rates and coverage. High penetration is expected in the upcoming ultradense 5G networks, increasing the probability of femtocells’ clusters. This, in turn, will require interference mitigation techniques to protect nearby non-subscribed users, especially in weak macrocell signal areas. In this paper, we present a mechanism where multiple femtocells coordinate their transmission to serve multiple non-subscribed users through hybrid access. First, we introduce an algorithm that determines the spectrum allocation of femtocells’ hybrid access. The algorithm aims to compensate for the performance reduction of subscribed users, due to reduced spectrum. For the second step of the mechanism, we introduce a power control algorithm that balances the impact of hybrid access among all the members of the femtocell cluster. First, we investigate the case where only one femtocell operates in hybrid access, and then we refine the power control algorithm by allowing multiple femtocells in the same cluster to operate in hybrid mode and by taking into account the effect that any change in power transmission will have on neighbouring femtocells. Simulations for the evaluation of the hybrid access algorithm compared with closed and other hybrid access schemes show improvement in the throughput of the non-subscribed users connected to femtocell and the most impacted subscribed users at weak macrocell signal areas and in the fairness of the hybrid access application scheme.